Kurnool district is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of the western central part of the state. The city of Kurnool is the capital and the central hub of the district. The city is often referred as The Gateway of Rayalaseema.The name Kurnool is derived from Kandanavolu. The town is a simple place with a many interesting sites. It is small towns charm with many temples, palaces and ancient monuments. It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956. As of 2011 census, it is the fifth most populous city in the state with a population of 460,184.Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva rivers also flow through the city. The K.C. Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was built by the Dutch for transportation, but later used for irrigation.Post Independence The city served as the capital of Andhra State from 1953–1956, until in 1956, the Telangana region was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh state, and its capital was shifted from Kurnool to Hyderabad.
Best Places to Visit:
This millions of year old caves is located at Belum Village, which is 110 km from Kurnool. Famous for its stalactite & stalagmite formations, Belum Caves is the second largest and longest caves in Indian subcontinent.
First mentioned about its structure by British Geologist H B Foote in his record, the caves were explored and mapped in early 1980s by German Denial Gebauer along with Belum locals and opened to the public only in 2002.
Of the 3.25 km long underground strength, only 1.5 km is opened for viewing, the rest remains shrouded in darkness. There is a giant marble Buddha statue outside the caves and is the sign of worship of Buddhist monks thousands of years ago. The innermost secret of the cave is its natural Shivling and Waterfall though Paatalaganga is the main attraction.
The Kurnool Fort is located in the heart of Kurnool and is one of the prominent landmarks of the town. It was believed to be built by Achyuta Devarayalu, belonging to Vijayanagar Empire and stands even today as the splendorous examples of the architecture of those times. Konda Reddy Buruju is a part of Kurnool Fort and also the only part left out of the magnificent fort. There was a tunnel across the River Krishna to Alampur. You can see this tunnel even now. This was the prison where Konda Reddy had his last breath and hence the tower was named in his memory. The bastion is in the shape of a huge pillar and has two storeys. The first storey has an underground passage about 25kms long, which leads you to Alampur, a town in Mahbubnagar District. Underneath lies a passage (tunnel) which connects the fort to Gadwal which is 52 km awayThere are two small ancient temples at the foot of this Buruju dedicated to Goddess Yellamma. Pedda Yellamma Temple is on the south-eastern side while Chinna Yellamma Temple is on the north-eastern side. People still believe that there is some hidden treasure in Erra Buruju.